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The European union plays a considerable function in the every day lives of its people. Nonetheless, a lot of people do not actually understand how it works – that’s affordable, it can be complicated, however it does not need to be.A fantastic place to begin is with the very structure of the EU, its organizations. This post will describe the 7 organizations, what they do and their relationship to each other.It’s the European Commission’s task to propose laws, carry out decisions made and do the daily running of the EU. There are 28 commissioners, one per member state, and a president.
- The European Parliament is the only democratically chosen institution in the EU. It is comprised of 751 MEPs directly chosen from the 28 Member States every 5 years and a president chosen every 2 and a half years.
- The variety of seats per state depends upon the size of that state (Ireland currently hold 11 seats). The European Parliament has legislative, financial and supervisory powers. Under Ordinary Legal Treatment, the European Parliament, working alongside the Council, arguments and votes to pass legislation proposed by the Commission.
- MEPs can register with political groups within the EU and a lot of their run in carried out in committees which concentrate on particular policy areas in the EU.
- The Parliament operates in 24 primary languages with translators to ensure all members can comprehend what’s being specified!
- The Council of the European Union is consisted of federal government ministers from the 28 Member States. Which ministers go to a council conference depends on the topic of discussion (for example, a conversation on farming would include Ministers of Farming from the Member States, a conversation on foreign affairs would include Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and so on). For this element it’s in some cases described as the Council of Ministers, or often just the Council.
- The presidency of the Council turns between Member States every 6 months. The Council contributes in legislation, taking on board propositions from the Commission, accepting modifications to this proposition from the European Parliament and after that the legislation is voted through.
- The European Council is consisted of all the heads of state or heads of federal government of the 28 member states, along with the President of the Commission and their own President of the Council. Their conferences are typically referred to as ‘tops’, and they think about the basic instructions that need to be taken and how the EU needs to respond to specific political situations.
- The ECB is the reserve bank for the euro. Its job is to pick financial policy for the Eurozone and to make sure the euro is consistent. It is consisted of an Executive Board, a Governing Council and a General Council, along with a president.
- The Executive Board do the day-to-day running and application of policy, while the Governing Council make decisions and the General Council work as a transitional body in between states that make use of the Euro and states that do not.
- Based in Luxembourg, the Court of Justice is the judicial authority of the European Union and its role is to ensure that European laws and treaties are implemented in Member States, and also to translate European law.
- Typically, it is puzzled with the European Court of Person Rights and the European Court of Justice, which are not European Union institutions.
- Likewise based in Luxembourg, the Court of Auditors, made up of one member from each of the Member States and a president, has the job of auditing the accounts of all EU institutions.
Want to discover more? Check out the EU website
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